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Why are Bordeaux wine glasses taller than Burgundy glasses?

Does the shape actually make a difference to the enjoyment of the wine?
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Among wine enthusiasts, it is a generally accepted truth that the shape of the wine glass can influence the taste and smell of the wine itself.  Glasses featuring a wide bowl and a narrow opening better accumulate aromas, so they are best used with more delicate wines to enhance their presence.  The height of the glass directs the liquid toward the tip, front-center, or back of the tongue, enhancing the wine's sweetness or giving it a fuller texture.

Burgundy and Bordeaux glasses serve very different purposes.

Burgundy glasses have a wide bowl that narrows and finally opens into a widening lip.  Burgundy glasses pair well with lighter, delicate reds -- Pinot Noir, for example -- as the aroma is allowed to accumulate and expand.  The shorter, wider lip directs the wine to the tip of the tongue, enhancing its sweetness.  Bordeaux glasses, on the other hand, are tall, with a broad, consistent bowl.  This helps oxygenate more mature, full-bodied reds -- a Merlot or Cabernet Sauvignon -- and directs the liquid to the back of the tongue for better appreciation.
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